Differences Between Vitamins, Minerals & Proteins

Differences Between Vitamins, Minerals & Proteins

Casey Bautista


J. Berzelius was the first person to use the word "protein." Protein is one of the primary three major nutrients for a healthy body. Proteins are made of amino acids, which act as the "building blocks" of the cell. They are needed to grow cells. They can be found in many foods, such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, vegetables, and dairy products. Protein is a single chain organic compound that also includes a range of amino acid chains.

These chains create bonds called peptide ligaments and are one of the protein compounds that are very important for the health of the human body, as it is one of the necessary components of tissues and cells, and regulates various functions of the body such as hormones and enzymes. The body gets proteins from foods, and when these proteins enter the body, a substantial amount is converted into glucose. Glucose serves as energy in the human body.

Work of Proteins in the Body

Proteins are vital for body formation and are found in every cell of the body. Many protein enzymes catalyze, which works as biochemical actions and which plays an essential role in metabolism. Proteins are required for each cell's functioning in the body that play a role in carrying and storing molecules throughout the body, such as hemoglobin and myoglobin. Proteins also helps to repair cells and create new cells.

Symptoms of Protein Deficiency

If you are falling ill again and again and are undergoing problems of physical pain, that may be caused by protein deficiency, as this is also a significant reason for your immunity to decrease. Protein deficiency in the body reduces the number of white blood cells and may also reduce hemoglobin. These causes also reduce your immunity. Protein deficiency reduces blood sugar levels, causing physical weakness as well as fatigue problems. In addition, you may also be prone to frequent hunger due to a lack of protein.


Vitamins are organic compounds that are needed to support life. Meat is a frequent source of vitamins. There are varying criteria for each organism's need for vitamins. Human beings require vitamin C or ascorbic acid. But dogs, for example, don't. Dogs can make enough vitamin C or they can synthesize it to their needs, but not humans.

People have to get vitamin D from direct sunlight, (or as a supplement), as it is not available in sufficient quantities in food. That being said, once exposed to sunlight, the human body will synthesize it.

Various vitamins have various purposes and, in different amounts, are essential. A vitamin is one of the groups of organic substances present in minute quantities in natural foods. Vitamins are necessary for normal metabolism. If we do not intake enough vitamins, some adverse medical conditions may appear.

There are 13 types of Vitamins:

Vitamin A

Vitamin C

Vitamin D

Vitamin E

Vitamin K

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B3

Vitamin B5

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B7

Vitamin B9

Vitamin B12

A dietary deficiency can cause deterioration of healthy fats within the body. Signs and symptoms may include injuries, bleeding gums, runny nose, and sensitivity to heavy menstrual bleeding in women.

Vitamin A deficiency can cause nyctalopia and keratomalacia, permanent blindness if not treated in time.

Vitamin D deficiency is common as it does not exist in most meals, indicating that there will be a deficiency unless people get sunlight or manufactured foods that are enriched with vitamin D.


Without minerals, our body will neither be able to produce skin, muscles, tissues, and red blood granules nor oxygen reaches different parts of the body. The exchange of information between the brain and various organs is also due to the body's balance of minerals. Our body does not produce minerals, so they have to be supplied through food.

Our bodies do not produce all the nutrients that our bodies needs to function correctly. So, from our diet, we have to get those minerals.

There are two sorts of mineral nutrients, macronutrients, and micro neutrals. Macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, while micronutrients include vitamins and minerals. Although both minerals and vitamins are micronutrients, both of them are totally different from each other. Vitamins are organic and break down by heat, air, or acid, while minerals are inorganic and remain the same on their own structure.

Why Minerals are Essential for the Body   

Minerals are very essential for the development and functioning of the body. Minerals are vital for maintaining healthy and strong bones, teeth, skin, hair, muscles, and regular blood and nerve functioning. The foods we consume change in energy through the metabolic process.

Major Mineral Calcium

Calcium is the most prevalent  mineral in the body. It also strengthens bones and teeth. Calcium is also required for shrinking and expanding the blood vessels.

Problems Resulting out of Deficiency and Excess

Calcium deficiency weakens the bones and increases the risk of osteoporosis. Excess calcium causes discomfort, high blood pressure, and problems of appendicitis.

Quantity required daily for women: 1,000 mg per day, and 1,200 mg per day for men.

The diet provides many nutrients in the form of proteins, minerals, vitamins, and other compounds that exist in our bodies. A lack of all these nutrients will increase the risk of infection, disease, etc. A healthy diet with nutrients and meals will develop your overall health and avoid illness. Visit your physician or nutritionist to assess your dietary requirements.